Assessing nutrient fluxes in a Vietnamese rural area despite limited and highly uncertain data

2011 | Elsevier

Material flow analysis (MFA) is a useful methodology to describe and quantify complex systems based on the law of mass conservation. It was further adapted to suit the specific conditions in developing countries where the available data is scarce and uncertain. The ˜adapted MF methodology optimises the number of parameters, describes these parameters as probability distributions and assesses the accuracy and uncertainty of the model values by Monte Carlo simulation.This study illustrates the first successful application of the adapted MFA methodology in a small and low-income area including two neighbouring communes in rural northern Vietnam, where environmental sanitation and traditional agricultural practices are strongly interlinked and have an impact on the surrounding environment. Moreover, data on this area is typically scarce and uncertain. 

A guide for technology selection and implementation of urban organic waste utilisation projects in Cambodia

2011 | Institute for Global Environmental Strategies

Environmental sustainability is the key tool to support the socio-economic development of Cambodia with the crucial functions to maintain the balance between natural resources and human needs. Therefore, it is necessary to take environmental protection into account consistent with the socio-economic development. The Royal Government of Cambodia under the ideal leadership of Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdome of Cambodia, in the context of environment, has adopted several legislations, for example, the Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management, Law on Natural Protected Areas, Law on Biosafety, and the four related sub-decrees as well, emphasizing its support and commitment to protect and manage the environment and natural resources in a sustainable manner.

Converting Waste Agricultural Biomass into a Resource: Compendium of Technologies

2009 | UNEP

Globally, 140 billion metric tons of biomass wastes are generated every year from agriculture equivalent to about 50 billion tons of oil. This energy can displace fossil fuel, reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and provide renewable energy to some 1.6 billion people in developing countries, which still lack access to electricity. As raw materials, biomass wastes have attractive potentials for large-scale industries and community-level enterprises. For efficient and effective conversion, appropriate selection of technologies is one of the vital pre-conditions. This compendium is compiled to assist in selection process for the technologies. This is a compilation of information about the technologies for converting waste agricultural biomass into material or energy resource. The technologies listed range from highly sophisticated equipment from industrialized countries to simple technologies from the developing countries. Different levels of use are also considered, i.e., commercial use, demonstration projects, and research level technologies. The technologies for different type of waste agricultural biomass and size of output are also considered. Technologies listed in the Compendium are limited to those that use cellulosic agricultural waste biomass.

Disaster Waste Management Guidelines

2011 | Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit

Disaster waste is a well-recognized threat to health, safety and the environment, and can also be a major impediment to post-disaster rescue operations.Experience shows that disaster waste is often managed in an ad hoc manner, however, and that substantial improvements can be made in future response efforts. These guidelines, developed collaboratively by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency – or MSB for short – and the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, aim to do just that.  They represent much of the best current knowledge and lessons learned on disaster waste management, and provide national authorities and international relief experts alike with sound and practical advice to help them manage disaster waste.  They were developed following a request by governments at the international Advisory Group on Environment Emergencies, and are based on extensive consultations with national and international stakeholders.These guidelines are an important start to improving the management of disaster waste.  They must be complemented by efforts to ensure their uptake and regular use through a range of disaster management mechanisms.  We look forward to working with a wide range of stakeholders to achieve this.

Beyond the Waste Bin: A Waste Management Continuum

2010 | United Nations Environment Programme

Presentation by :Beyond the Waste Bin:Hari SrinivasUnited Nations Environment ProgrammeInternational Environment Technology Centre Ask any City Mayor on Waste … Inefficient collection system / No collection system Financial constraints Apathy and/or Lack of participation of citizens on programmes Set-up and alternatives to sanitary land-fill system Waste segregation at source Recycling of solid waste Disposal of hospital and/or hazardous solid waste Treatment of food waste and/or biodegradables High cost of establishing new and modern disposal system such as plasma technology Concept that "waste management" is a municipal responsibility No standard for management of solid waste in country Amount of waste increases with urbanization Disposal of plastic dishware

National 3R Strategy Development

2009 | IGES

The Programme of National 3R Strategy Development was initiated as one of the outcomes of the Ministerial Conference on the 3R Initiative held in Tokyo, Japan, in March 2005. The project was funded by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan and the Asian Development Bank (for Viet Nam only) and jointly implemented by the United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), the United Nations Environmental Programme / Regional Resource Centre in Asia and the Pacific (AIT/UNEP RRC.AP), and the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES).  In anticipation of Asia’s serious waste and resource-related challenges together with the region’s rapid economic development, the project has aimed to disseminate and raise awareness on the 3R concept and to foster strong political leadership for the 3R implementation in Asian countries.

The kNOwWaste Knowledge Platform was developed through a Project Cooperation Agreement funding by UNEP on 2016. The platform provides data and information on holistic waste management to stakeholders in Asia and the Pacific region. The platform was developed with the following aims: generate and consolidate data or information on holistic waste management, transform data into easily comprehensible outputs for use by key stakeholders, map out and disseminate information on international waste management projects under the GPWM and UNEP projects as well as other international partners, and provide capacity building support through dissemination of data or information support for relevant stakeholders on holistic waste and waste management system.
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