2008 | WaterAid
This paper reflects the existing management systems practiced in various areas of Nepal in managing solid waste and contains initiatives of municipalities; national and local NGOs/CBOs; public and private entities. This paper helps to transfer the lessons and existing practices regarding soild waste managment and encourages urban, peri urban and emerging towns for similar initiatives in urban sanitation.
2008 | UNEP
Phnom Penh Municipality (PPM) is the capital city of the Royal Kingdom of Cambodia with a total land area of 376.95 Km2. It is equal to 0.20\% of the total land area of the country. Administratively, PPM is divided into 7 districts (up to 2008) but now one more district has been determined, 76 communes, 689 villages and 4,320 groups. The population of the city is approximately 1,080,519 consisting of 188,769 households out of which 43\% live in urban area and 57\% in rural area. Population growth in the city is 3.92\%. Double-digit economic growth rates in recent years have triggered an economic boom in Cambodia, with new hotels, restaurants, and residential buildings springing up around the PPM. Due to improved living standards, globalization, international trade, and tourism, the consumption of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) has rapidly increased in the urban centers in the country. Since Cambodia does not have manufacturing base for electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), it is importing both brand new and second hand EEE to cater to existing demand. This is leading to generation of E-waste and its management as a major issue in cities/ urban centers in Cambodia. According to the CEA survey report of E-waste in Cambodia, it was found that there exists some environmental and human health concerns though the utilization of second hand EEE/ Used EEE. Therefore, there is a need to further consider strengthening, monitoring and managing imported EEE with reasonable and useable conditions.
2008 | Elsevier
Currently the potential threat of climate change represents one of the main environmental concerns worldwide. Consequently, most of the developed countries are implementing measures at different levels in order to tackle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Amongst the measures agreed internationally and encapsulated within the Kyoto Protocol, the reduction of GHG emissions associated with agriculture and organic waste management, and the enhancement of the C sink capacity of agricultural soils are seen to be of particular importance.
2007 | UNEP
Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) are in the process of formulating the Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) Plan for Pune. The Plan for Pune has been developed using the Strategic Planning Process. This Report for the ISWM project for Pune city aims to present the summary of the Stakeholders' consultative workshops held to facilitate the planning process.
2007 | UNEP
The Schemes for Strategic Action Plan were generated to support the goals and objectives. In order to categorise the Schemes at operational level, five themes were identified based on the Ã¢Â€Âœfunctional natureÃ¢Â€Â. These themes include, Assessment and Development 3R Initiatives Infrastructure Development Awareness and Promotion Capacity Building and Partnerships.
2007 | Elsevier
The new city of Abuja provided an opportunity to avoid some of the environmental problems associated with other major cities in Africa. The current status of solid waste management in Abuja has been reviewed and recommendations for improvements are made. The existing solid waste management system is affected by unfavourable economic, institutional, legislative, technical and operational constraints. A reliable waste collection service is needed and waste collection vehicles need to be appropriate to local conditions. More vehicles are required to cope with increasing waste generation. Wastes need to be sorted at source as much as possible, to reduce the amount requiring disposal. Co-operation among communities, the informal sector, the formal waste collectors and the authorities is necessary if recycling rates are to increase. Markets for recycled materials need to be encouraged. Despite recent improvements in the operation of the existing dumpsite, a properly sited engineered landfill should be constructed with operation contracted to the private sector. Wastes dumped along roads, underneath bridges, in culverts and in drainage channels need to be cleared. Small-scale waste composting plants could promote employment, income generation and poverty alleviation. Enforcement of waste management legislation and a proper policy and planning framework for waste management are required. Unauthorized use of land must be controlled by enforcing relevant clauses in development guidelines. Accurate population data is necessary so that waste management systems and infrastructure can be properly planned. Funding and affordability remain major constraints and challenges.
2006 | unep
Pune is the second largest city in Maharashtra and 8th in country. As per the Census 2001 the population of the city is 2.7 million. The reported average population density as per the 2001 census was 11500 persons per Sq. Km. However the cityÃ¢Â€Â™s urban body, Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), estimated the population to have grown to about 3 million in the year 2006, with the population density of 13200 persons per Sq. Km. This effectively means a phenomenal increase of 11\% in terms of population in 5 years. The growth in the city is peripheral. The growth rate in the core part of the city is about 2 Ã¢Â€Â“ 2.5\% per year and the annual growth rate in peripheral wards is about 4.4\%.1 The driving force for growth is mainly the development of IT industry as well as the economic boom in the automobile sector which forms a major portion of the industries in and around Pune.
2006 | Envirotech Services (Pty) Ltd in collaboration with Lombard and Associates
This report contains the findings of a study conducted by Consultants from Envirotech Services (Lesotho) in collaboration with Lombard and Associates (South Africa) on behalf of the National Environment Secretariat. The study has been undertaken and developed on the basis of local information as well as the local conditions, the study also made reference to similar studies conducted in other African countries.
2006 | UNEP
Wuxi city, located close to the metropolis of Shanghai (160 km west of Shanghai) has developed a new industrial township called the Wuxi New District (WND). WND is one of top ten national level development zones. As per 2006, it covered an area of 200km2, housed more than 2,000 enterprises and had a population of 250,000 including 140,000 industrial workers. The total output of WND was more than RMB 166 billion. Since its foundation in 1992, WND has evolved to be a major industrial park in the Yangtze River Delta. WND has been a strong showcase for the rapid industrial development that the People's Republic of China has achieved in the last few decades. A broad range of industries has been set up in the WND, and its economic growth has spurred the entire region, including the Microelectronic, precision machinery and auto-parts sectors. Related service/supporting industry sectors are also emerging rapidly in WND. WND is owned and managed by the New District Administrative Committee of Wuxi PeopleÃƒÂ¢Ã¢Â‚Â¬Ã¢Â„Â¢s Municipal Government, second largest city in Jiangsu Province of the People's Republic of China.
2006 | UNEP
Wuxi city, located close to the metropolis of Shanghai (160 km west of Shanghai) has developed a new industrial township called the Wuxi New District (WND). WND is one of top ten national level development zones. As per 2006, it covered an area of 200km2, housed more than 2,000 enterprises and had a population of 250,000 including 140,000 industrial workers. The total output of WND was more than RMB 166 billion.Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Since its foundation in 1992, WND has evolved to be a major industrial park in the Yangtze River Delta. WND has been a strong showcase for the rapid industrial development that the People's Republic of China has achieved in the last few decades. A broad range of industries has been set up in the WND, and its economic growth has spurred the entire region, including the Microelectronic, precision machinery and auto-parts sectors. Related service/supporting industry sectors are also emerging rapidly in WND. WND is owned and managed by the New District Administrative Committee of Wuxi PeopleÃ¢Â€Â™s Municipal Government, second largest city in Jiangsu Province of the People's Republic of China.