Following the adoption of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Council Recommendation C(2004)100 in 2004 on Environmentally Sound Management of Waste, member countries wished to reinforce the implementation of this legal Act by issuing a practical Guidance Manual. This publication aims at facilitating the implementation of an environmentally sound waste management policy by governments on one hand, and by waste treatment facilities on the other hand.
2010 | UNDP
The UNDP GEF project involves demonstrating best practices for the management of mercury waste and promoting mercury-free devices. As health facilities phase out mercury devices, proper methods of storage and transport are needed. This document is intended for project countries where national norms and guidelines for cleanup, storage, and transport of mercury waste do not exist at this time.
2012 | World Bank
What a Waste provides a quick snapshot of the state of today's global solid waste management practices. A credible estimate is made for what the situation will look like in 2025. Improving solid waste management, especially in low-income countries, is an urgent priority.
2013 | ISWA
In its role as a catalyst for research, development, control and practice in the field of wastes management, the International Solid Waste Association has identified a need for an international glossary of terms and has published this book to meet that need
Bangladesh faces no shortage of water. The country is the floodplain delta of three large rivers Ã¢Â€Â“ the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna, so the landscape is dominated by an abundance of rivers and standing water. But this does not mean the population of 160 million Bangladeshis enjoys safe drinking water. Diarrhoeal disease is the countryÃ¢Â€Â™s biggest killer, taking the lives of 62 in 1000 under fives. WhatÃ¢Â€Â™smore 20 million people are at risk of arsenic exposure because the groundwater exceeds the standard 0.05 mg/L. Chronic ingestion of arsenic can lead to skin, lung and bladder cancers and cardiovascular disease.
2014 | Elsevier
Surface water pollution in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (MD) could threaten human, animal and ecosystem health given the fact that this water source is intensively used for drinking, irrigation and domestic services. We therefore determined the levels of pollution by organic pollutants, salts, metals and microbial indicators by (bi)monthly monitoring of canals between November 2011 and July 2012 at 32 sampling locations, representing fresh and saline/brackish environments. The results were compared with national water quality guidelines, between the studied regions and with water quality data from main waterways. Key factors explaining the observed levels of pollution in surface water were identified through principal component analysis (PCA). Temporal variations due to tidal regime and seasonality were also assessed. Based on regression models, the spatial variability of five water quality parameters was visualized using GIS based maps. Results indicate that pH (max. 8.6), turbidity (max. 461 FTU), maximum concentrations of ammonium (14.7 mg LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), arsenic (44.1 ÃŽÂ¼g LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), barium (157.5 ÃŽÂ¼g LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), chromium (84.7 ÃŽÂ¼g LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), mercury (45.5 ÃŽÂ¼g LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), manganese (1659.7 ÃŽÂ¼g LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), aluminum (14.5 mg LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1), iron (17.0 mg LÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1) and the number of Escherichia coli (87,000 CFU 100 mLÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1) and total coliforms (2,500,000 CFU 100 mLÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ 1) in canals exceed the thresholds set by Vietnamese quality guidelines for drinking and domestic purposes. The PCA showed that i) urbanization; ii) metal leaching from soils; iii) aquaculture; and iv) tidal regime explain 85\% of the variance of surface water quality attributes. Significant differences in water quality were found due to daily tidal regime and as a result of seasonality. Surface water quality maps for dissolved oxygen, ammonium, ortho-phosphate, manganese and total coliforms were developed to highlight hot-spot areas of pollution. The results of this study can assist policy makers in developing water management strategies and drinking water companies in selecting optimum water extraction locations.