Reports & Publication

Chemicals Management: The why and how of mainstreaming gender

| UNDP

This publication, part of the Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines Series, provides an approach to mainstreaming gender in chemicals management, together with a discussion of priorities for United Nations Development Programme support to assist partners with mainstreaming gender considerations at each step of a national process to develop or strengthen a sound management of chemicals regime.

Integrating Sound Management of Chemicals into MDG-Based Development Planning

2010 | UNDP

This United Nations Development Programme Guide provides a systematic approach to countries to help assess their capacity for sound management of chemicals, identify needs, and ultimately mainstream or incorporate identified priorities into national Millenium Development Goals-based development policies and plans.

Training Resource Pack for hazardous waste management in developing economies

| UNEP,ISWA

This Resource Pack is a set of training materials available as electronic files for individual use and further adaptation. It is inteded to assist in giving conference or lecture presentations of key topics in hazardous waste, as well as providing guidance in the organisation of training workshops of various sorts. The subjects cover the full range of topics in hazardous waste management from prevention to treatment and disposal, as well as regulatory aspects, support services and development of national strategies.

Hazardous Waste Training Resource Pack

1996 | ISWA

The Training Resource Pack manual is composed of a series of chapters on key stages of the hazardous waste management cycle, in particular: context; fundamentals; prevention; regulation; management; treatment.

What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management

2012 | World Bank

What a Waste provides a quick snapshot of the state of today's global solid waste management practices. A credible estimate is made for what the situation will look like in 2025. Improving solid waste management, especially in low-income countries, is an urgent priority.

1000 Terms in Solid Waste Management

2013 | ISWA

In its role as a catalyst for research, development, control and practice in the field of wastes management, the International Solid Waste Association has identified a need for an international glossary of terms and has published this book to meet that need

Inventory Assessment Manual: E-waste, Volume I

2007 | UNEP

Bangladesh where simple changes in practice could save lives

| WHO

Bangladesh faces no shortage of water. The country is the floodplain delta of three large rivers – the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna, so the landscape is dominated by an abundance of rivers and standing water. But this does not mean the population of 160 million Bangladeshis enjoys safe drinking water. Diarrhoeal disease is the country’s biggest killer, taking the lives of 62 in 1000 under fives. What’smore 20 million people are at risk of arsenic exposure because the groundwater exceeds the standard 0.05 mg/L. Chronic ingestion of arsenic can lead to skin, lung and bladder cancers and cardiovascular disease.

Spatial and temporal variability of surface water pollution in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

2014 | Elsevier

Surface water pollution in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (MD) could threaten human, animal and ecosystem health given the fact that this water source is intensively used for drinking, irrigation and domestic services. We therefore determined the levels of pollution by organic pollutants, salts, metals and microbial indicators by (bi)monthly monitoring of canals between November 2011 and July 2012 at 32 sampling locations, representing fresh and saline/brackish environments. The results were compared with national water quality guidelines, between the studied regions and with water quality data from main waterways. Key factors explaining the observed levels of pollution in surface water were identified through principal component analysis (PCA). Temporal variations due to tidal regime and seasonality were also assessed. Based on regression models, the spatial variability of five water quality parameters was visualized using GIS based maps. Results indicate that pH (max. 8.6), turbidity (max. 461 FTU), maximum concentrations of ammonium (14.7 mg L− 1), arsenic (44.1 μg L− 1), barium (157.5 μg L− 1), chromium (84.7 μg L− 1), mercury (45.5 μg L− 1), manganese (1659.7 μg L− 1), aluminum (14.5 mg L− 1), iron (17.0 mg L− 1) and the number of Escherichia coli (87,000 CFU 100 mL− 1) and total coliforms (2,500,000 CFU 100 mL− 1) in canals exceed the thresholds set by Vietnamese quality guidelines for drinking and domestic purposes. The PCA showed that i) urbanization; ii) metal leaching from soils; iii) aquaculture; and iv) tidal regime explain 85\% of the variance of surface water quality attributes. Significant differences in water quality were found due to daily tidal regime and as a result of seasonality. Surface water quality maps for dissolved oxygen, ammonium, ortho-phosphate, manganese and total coliforms were developed to highlight hot-spot areas of pollution. The results of this study can assist policy makers in developing water management strategies and drinking water companies in selecting optimum water extraction locations.

Sanitation Finance in Rural Cambodia

2012 | The world bank, Water and Sanitation Program

This document presents the findings of a study on sanitation finance in Cambodia conducted for the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) with support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The overall objective of the assignment was to consider sustainable sanitation financing options with a focus on promoting access for the poorest. This guidance note contains an introduction on sanitation ਀nancing and subsidies, stating the cases for subsidies as well as some of their practical pitfalls. The study used data  (as of late 2009) from two case studies of rural sanitation ਀nance in Cambodia to illustrate the practical issues, sup-plemented by preliminary data from two sanitation marketing projects. The study also examined the potential use and effectiveness of (hardware) subsidies, conditional cash transfers (CCTs), and other ਀nancing approaches relevant for sanitation improvement. The document ends with recommendations for improved sanitation finance, including practical suggestions for sanitation programs in Cambodia. These recommendations bear particular relevance for the ADB’s Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project, which commenced in 2010.